Black Hills Spruce

Scientific Name: 

Picea glauca 'Densata'

Zone:

2b

Height:

40 ft

Spread:

20 ft

Moisture:

Dry, moist

Light:

Full sun

Growth Rate: 

Slow

Life Span: 

90+ yrs.

Maintenance:

Low

Suckering:

none

In Row Spacing: 

Between Row Spacing:

A spire-like evergreen, tall and stately with bluish-green needles, more densely branched and fuller than the species; very tough and adaptable, makes a wonderful vertical accent for the larger home landscape, ideal as a windbreak or in a shelterbelt

Ornamental Features

Black Hills Spruce is primarily valued in the landscape for its distinctively pyramidal habit of growth. It has bluish-green evergreen foliage which emerges light green in spring. The needles remain bluish-green throughout the winter. The smooth gray bark adds an interesting dimension to the landscape.

Landscape Attributes

Black Hills Spruce is a dense evergreen tree with a strong central leader and a distinctive and refined pyramidal form. Its relatively fine texture sets it apart from other landscape plants with less refined foliage.

This is a relatively low maintenance tree. When pruning is necessary, it is recommended to only trim back the new growth of the current season, other than to remove any dieback. It has no significant negative characteristics.

Black Hills Spruce is recommended for the following landscape applications;

Vertical Accent
Windbreaks and Shelterbelts
Planting & Growing

Black Hills Spruce will grow to be about 39 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 20 feet. It has a low canopy, and should not be planted underneath power lines. It grows at a slow rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 90 years or more.

This tree should only be grown in full sunlight. It is very adaptable to both dry and moist locations, and should do just fine under average home landscape conditions. It is considered to be drought-tolerant, and thus makes an ideal choice for xeriscaping or the moisture-conserving landscape. It is not particular as to soil type or pH, and is able to handle environmental salt. It is highly tolerant of urban pollution and will even thrive in inner city environments. This is a selection of a native North American species.

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2-7

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Brandon Cedar

Scientific Name: 

Thuja occidentalis 'Brandon

Zone:

3a

Height:

13 ft

Spread:

5 ft

Moisture:

average, moist

Light:

partial shade, full sun

Growth Rate: 

Slow

Life Span: 

Maintenance:

Suckering:

none

In Row Spacing: 

Between Row Spacing:

A characteristically narrowly and spire-like evergreen for home landscape use, dense foliage remains bright year round; grows quite tall, makes a stunning vertical accent, hardy and adaptable, takes pruning well; best with some sun

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2-7

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Bristlecone Pine

Scientific Name: 

Pinus aristata

Zone:

2a

Height:

23 ft

Spread:

10 ft

Moisture:

Normal. well drained

Light:

Full sun

Growth Rate: 

Slow

Life Span: 

300+ yrs.

Maintenance:

Low

Suckering:

none

In Row Spacing: 

Between Row Spacing:

An interesting small evergreen tree with stark, stout branches and short needles; rather open appearance, a character tree, good for accent use in the garden; extremely long lived and slow growing, some living specimens are over 4,500 years old

Ornamental Features

Bristlecone Pine is primarily valued in the landscape for its ornamental upright and spreading habit of growth. It has forest green evergreen foliage. The needles remain forest green throughout the winter.

Landscape Attributes

Bristlecone Pine is an evergreen tree with a strong central leader and an upright spreading habit of growth. Its relatively coarse texture can be used to stand it apart from other landscape plants with finer foliage.

This is a relatively low maintenance tree. When pruning is necessary, it is recommended to only trim back the new growth of the current season, other than to remove any dieback. It has no significant negative characteristics.

Bristlecone Pine is recommended for the following landscape applications;

Accent
General Garden Use
Planting & Growing

Bristlecone Pine will grow to be about 23 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 10 feet. It has a low canopy with a typical clearance of 1 foot from the ground, and is suitable for planting under power lines. It grows at a slow rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live to a ripe old age of 300 years or more; think of this as a heritage tree for future generations!

This tree should only be grown in full sunlight. It prefers dry to average moisture levels with very well-drained soil, and will often die in standing water. It is considered to be drought-tolerant, and thus makes an ideal choice for xeriscaping or the moisture-conserving landscape. It is not particular as to soil type or pH. It is quite intolerant of urban pollution, therefore inner city or urban streetside plantings are best avoided. This species is native to parts of North America.

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2-7

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Colorado Blue Spruce

Scientific Name: 

Picea pungens glauca

Zone:

2a

Height:

50 ft

Spread:

20 ft

Moisture:

Dry, moist

Light:

Full sun

Growth Rate: 

Slow

Life Span: 

80+ yrs.

Maintenance:

Low

Suckering:

none

In Row Spacing: 

Between Row Spacing:

A popular and much-sought-out evergreen accent tree with large stout branches and long, very pointy silvery-blue needles, far more reliable color than the species, a tree of great beauty and color; extremely hardy and rugged, makes an excellent windbreak

Ornamental Features

Blue Colorado Spruce is primarily valued in the landscape for its distinctively pyramidal habit of growth. It has attractive bluish-green evergreen foliage which emerges blue in spring. The needles are highly ornamental and remain bluish-green throughout the winter. The rough gray bark adds an interesting dimension to the landscape.

Landscape Attributes

Blue Colorado Spruce is a dense evergreen tree with a strong central leader and a distinctive and refined pyramidal form. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition.

This is a relatively low maintenance tree. When pruning is necessary, it is recommended to only trim back the new growth of the current season, other than to remove any dieback. Deer don't particularly care for this plant and will usually leave it alone in favor of tastier treats. It has no significant negative characteristics.

Blue Colorado Spruce is recommended for the following landscape applications;

Accent
Vertical Accent
Windbreaks and Shelterbelts
Planting & Growing

Blue Colorado Spruce will grow to be about 50 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 20 feet. It has a low canopy, and should not be planted underneath power lines. It grows at a slow rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 80 years or more.

This tree should only be grown in full sunlight. It is very adaptable to both dry and moist growing conditions, but will not tolerate any standing water. It is considered to be drought-tolerant, and thus makes an ideal choice for xeriscaping or the moisture-conserving landscape. It is not particular as to soil type or pH, and is able to handle environmental salt. It is highly tolerant of urban pollution and will even thrive in inner city environments. This is a selection of a native North American species.


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2-7

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Fat Albert Blue Spruce

Scientific Name: 

Picea pungens 'Fat Albert'

Zone:

2a

Height:

43 ft

Spread:

23 ft

Moisture:

Dry, moist

Light:

Full sun

Growth Rate: 

Slow

Life Span: 

80+ yrs.

Maintenance:

Low

Suckering:

none

In Row Spacing: 

Between Row Spacing:

A dense and compact spire-shaped evergreen accent tree for general landscape use with large stout branches and long, very pointy silvery-blue needles, very showy and colorful, an ideal size for smaller home landscapes, extremely hardy and rugged

Ornamental Features

Fat Albert Blue Spruce is primarily valued in the landscape for its distinctively pyramidal habit of growth. It has attractive blue evergreen foliage which emerges silvery blue in spring. The needles are highly ornamental and remain blue throughout the winter. The rough gray bark adds an interesting dimension to the landscape.

Landscape Attributes

Fat Albert Blue Spruce is a dense evergreen tree with a strong central leader and a distinctive and refined pyramidal form. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition.

This is a relatively low maintenance tree. When pruning is necessary, it is recommended to only trim back the new growth of the current season, other than to remove any dieback. Deer don't particularly care for this plant and will usually leave it alone in favor of tastier treats. It has no significant negative characteristics.

Fat Albert Blue Spruce is recommended for the following landscape applications;

Accent
General Garden Use
Planting & Growing

Fat Albert Blue Spruce will grow to be about 43 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 23 feet. It tends to fill out right to the ground and therefore doesn't necessarily require facer plants in front, and is suitable for planting under power lines. It grows at a slow rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 80 years or more.

This tree should only be grown in full sunlight. It is very adaptable to both dry and moist growing conditions, but will not tolerate any standing water. It is considered to be drought-tolerant, and thus makes an ideal choice for xeriscaping or the moisture-conserving landscape. It is not particular as to soil type or pH, and is able to handle environmental salt. It is highly tolerant of urban pollution and will even thrive in inner city environments. This is a selection of a native North American species.

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2-7

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French Blue Scotch Pine

Scientific Name: 

Pinus sylvestris 'French Blue'

Zone:

2a

Height:

50 ft

Spread:

35 ft

Moisture:

Dry, normal

Light:

Full Sun

Growth Rate: 

Medium

Life Span: 

80+ yrs.

Maintenance:

Low

Suckering:

none

In Row Spacing: 

Between Row Spacing:

A stunning evergreen tree, featuring peeling showy orange bark when mature; diverse habit of growth, ranging from open and artistic to a Christmas tree-like form; hardy, adaptable and very versatile, can be used as an accent, windbreak or shade tree

Ornamental Features

Scotch Pine is primarily valued in the landscape for its ornamental globe-shaped form. It has rich green/blue evergreen foliage. The needles remain green throughout the winter. The shaggy orange bark is extremely showy and adds significant winter interest.

Landscape Attributes

Scotch Pine is an evergreen tree with a strong central leader and a more or less rounded form. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition.

This is a relatively low maintenance tree. When pruning is necessary, it is recommended to only trim back the new growth of the current season, other than to remove any dieback. Deer don't particularly care for this plant and will usually leave it alone in favor of tastier treats. It has no significant negative characteristics.

Scotch Pine is recommended for the following landscape applications;

Accent
Shade
Windbreaks and Shelterbelts
Planting & Growing

Scotch Pine will grow to be about 39 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 16 feet. It has a low canopy with a typical clearance of 5 feet from the ground, and should not be planted underneath power lines. It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 80 years or more.

This tree should only be grown in full sunlight. It prefers dry to average moisture levels with very well-drained soil, and will often die in standing water. It is considered to be drought-tolerant, and thus makes an ideal choice for xeriscaping or the moisture-conserving landscape. It is not particular as to soil type or pH. It is highly tolerant of urban pollution and will even thrive in inner city environments. This species is not originally from North America.

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2-7

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Lodgepole Pine

Scientific Name: 

Pinus contorta 'var. latifolia'

Zone:

2a

Height:

39 ft

Spread:

10 ft

Moisture:

Dry, normal

Light:

Full sun

Growth Rate: 

Medium

Life Span: 

100+ yrs.

Maintenance:

Low

Suckering:

none

In Row Spacing: 

Between Row Spacing:

A tall, narrow evergreen of the Rocky Mountains, with a rather open and loose habit; does extremely well on poor, dry soils, makes a good windbreak, becomes a rugged character tree with maturity

Ornamental Features

Lodgepole Pine is primarily valued in the landscape for its distinctively pyramidal habit of growth. It has rich green evergreen foliage. The needles remain green throughout the winter. The shaggy brick red bark adds an interesting dimension to the landscape.

Landscape Attributes

Lodgepole Pine is an open evergreen tree with a strong central leader and a distinctive and refined pyramidal form. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition.

This is a relatively low maintenance tree. When pruning is necessary, it is recommended to only trim back the new growth of the current season, other than to remove any dieback. It has no significant negative characteristics.

Lodgepole Pine is recommended for the following landscape applications;

Vertical Accent
Windbreaks and Shelterbelts
Planting & Growing

Lodgepole Pine will grow to be about 39 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 10 feet. It has a low canopy with a typical clearance of 5 feet from the ground, and should not be planted underneath power lines. It grows at a medium rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live to a ripe old age of 100 years or more; think of this as a heritage tree for future generations!

This tree should only be grown in full sunlight. It prefers dry to average moisture levels with very well-drained soil, and will often die in standing water. It is considered to be drought-tolerant, and thus makes an ideal choice for xeriscaping or the moisture-conserving landscape. It is not particular as to soil type or pH. It is highly tolerant of urban pollution and will even thrive in inner city environments. This is a selection of a native North American species.

Price:

2-7

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Moonglow Juniper

Scientific Name: 

Juniperus scopulorum 'Moonglow'

Zone:

3a

Height:

13 ft

Spread:

5 ft

Moisture:

Dry, moist

Light:

Full sun

Growth Rate: 

Slow

Life Span: 

70+ yrs.

Maintenance:

Low

Suckering:

none

In Row Spacing: 

Between Row Spacing:

A narrow pyramidal evergreen shrub, with soft textured silvery-blue needle-like foliage and attractive blue berries, a great vertical accent for difficult landscape situations, makes a great tall evergreen hedge

Ornamental Features

Moonglow Juniper is a dwarf conifer which is primarily valued in the landscape for its rigidly columnar form. It has attractive grayish green evergreen foliage. The scale-like sprays of foliage are highly ornamental and remain grayish green throughout the winter. It produces silvery blue berries from late spring to late winter.

Landscape Attributes

Moonglow Juniper is a dense multi-stemmed evergreen shrub with a narrowly upright and columnar growth habit. It lends an extremely fine and delicate texture to the landscape composition which can make it a great accent feature on this basis alone.

This is a relatively low maintenance shrub, and is best pruned in late winter once the threat of extreme cold has passed. Deer don't particularly care for this plant and will usually leave it alone in favor of tastier treats. It has no significant negative characteristics.

Moonglow Juniper is recommended for the following landscape applications;

Accent
Vertical Accent
Hedges/Screening
General Garden Use
Planting & Growing

Moonglow Juniper will grow to be about 13 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 5 feet. It tends to be a little leggy, with a typical clearance of 2 feet from the ground, and is suitable for planting under power lines. It grows at a slow rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 70 years or more.

This shrub should only be grown in full sunlight. It is very adaptable to both dry and moist growing conditions, but will not tolerate any standing water. It is considered to be drought-tolerant, and thus makes an ideal choice for xeriscaping or the moisture-conserving landscape. It is not particular as to soil type or pH. It is somewhat tolerant of urban pollution. This is a selection of a native North American species.

Price:

2-7

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Mountain Swiss Pine

Scientific Name: 

Pinus mugo rostrata 'czech'

Zone:

2a

Height:

13 ft

Spread:

10 ft

Moisture:

Normal, moist

Light:

Full sun

Growth Rate: 

Slow

Life Span: 

70+ yrs.

Maintenance:

Low

Suckering:

none

In Row Spacing: 

Between Row Spacing:

An extremely hardy and adaptable evergreen, this is actually a highly variable species, almost no two are alike, ranging from small garden detail shrubs to tall, wide trees; many specific cultivars are available, needs full sun

Ornamental Features

Mugo Pine is primarily valued in the landscape for its ornamental upright and spreading habit of growth. It has dark green evergreen foliage. The needles remain dark green throughout the winter.

Landscape Attributes

Mugo Pine is a dense multi-stemmed evergreen tree with an upright spreading habit of growth. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition.

This is a relatively low maintenance tree. When pruning is necessary, it is recommended to only trim back the new growth of the current season, other than to remove any dieback. It has no significant negative characteristics.

Mugo Pine is recommended for the following landscape applications;

Accent
Planting & Growing

Mugo Pine will grow to be about 13 feet tall at maturity, with a spread of 10 feet. It tends to be a little leggy, with a typical clearance of 1 foot from the ground, and is suitable for planting under power lines. It grows at a slow rate, and under ideal conditions can be expected to live for 70 years or more.

This tree should only be grown in full sunlight. It prefers dry to average moisture levels with very well-drained soil, and will often die in standing water. It is considered to be drought-tolerant, and thus makes an ideal choice for xeriscaping or the moisture-conserving landscape. It is not particular as to soil type or pH, and is able to handle environmental salt. It is highly tolerant of urban pollution and will even thrive in inner city environments. This species is not originally from North America.

Price:

2-7

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